The treaty was signed on 1986, following the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident, and entered into force in October 1986.
The treaty established an international alert mechanism of nuclear malfunctions, which have a potential to cause radiation damage.
The treaty requires reporting on place, time, radiation emitions and other relevant information, in order to evaluate the situation following a nuclear malfunction. State parties are required to report malfunctions to the IAEA and to states which may be harmed by them, directly or through the IAEA.
Treaty status: 89 states are party to the treaty, 70 have signed it.
Israel has ratified the treaty on May 25th, 1989.
Middle Eastern countries party to the treaty includes Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Quwait, Iran and Iraq. Syria has not signed the treaty.